It takes a highly-selective adsorbent to rapidly attract and remove contaminants that are present in concentrations of one part per billion (1 ppb) or less.
1 ppb is one millionth of one gram per liter, which is the equivalent of one teaspoon of a pollutant in an Olympic-sized swimming pool. Due to the sub-nanometer size of the cyclodextrin cups, our polymer materials are ideally suited to remove micropollutants in part per billion concentrations.
Micro Pockets to Target Micro Pollutants
Removal interactions take place within the .78 nanometer cyclodextrin cups, which form optimally-sized inclusion complexes to host the attraction and capture of micropollutants.
The networked cyclodextrin cups form a molecular net in which pollutants are captured and removed from water. It is this molecular level of operation that gives our adsorbents their exacting nature and breakthrough effectiveness.
Our polymer materials present a limitless network of adsorbent cups to remove contaminants. It takes approximately 120,000 vertically-stacked cyclodextrin cups to equal the thickness of a single sheet of paper. A sugar cube can hold 10 quintillion (or 1020) cyclodextrin cups, which is roughly equal to the total grains of sand on the world’s beaches.
The same nanometer-scale cup design that provides ideally suited inclusion complexes for micropollutants creates a size-exclusion mechanism that limits fouling by larger inert molecules.
Our cyclodextrin polymers feature easy regeneration by simple washing techniques, offering the ability for repeated use and desirable life-cycle costs.
High Surface Area
Our HACP polymers achieve their effectiveness by linking cup-shaped cyclodextrin adsorbents into porous, high surface area structures.
Adsorption by Encapsulation
The pores form pathways to high-affinity cyclodextrin cups that provide for the rapid uptake and capture of contaminants.
By varying the crosslinking compounds, our HACP adsorbents can be formulated to further enhance attraction to targeted contaminants.
β Cyclodextrin forming a guest-host complex with perfluorooctanesulfonic acid (PFOS)
High-Affinity Cyclodextrin Polymers
in Adsorbent Technology.
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Proprietary Polymerization Process
Cyclodextrins are a family of sugars that are renewable and readily made from cornstarch. They are classified as Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS) by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration. Within their three dimensional cup-shaped structure, cyclodextrins feature 0.78 nm hydrophobic pockets which form host-guest complexes to adsorb contaminants and other compounds.
HACP Production Process
Effective against hundreds of industrial compounds, pharmaceuticals, pesticides, and other organic micropollutants. CD-MP is available in a variety of powder and granular particle sizes to meet filtration and water flow requirements of virtually any water treatment application. Read More.
Fluorine selective HACP for the rapid removal of PFOA (perfluorooctanoic acid) and PFOS (perfluorooctane sulfonate). Available in multiple powder and granular particle sizes.
Superior removal compared to activated carbon demonstrated in simulated groundwater, AFFF solution, and actual groundwater collected from contamination sites.
Up to ten times the affinity to PFOA/PFAS compared with activated carbon allowing lower dosages to achieve non-detect or advisory level concentrations. Read More.
Innovations to protect the health of people and the environment.
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